Teaching Conditional Sentences Type 2 in a Fun and Engaging Way

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Teaching Ideas

Conditional sentences are a fundamental component of English grammar, but they can often be dry and uninteresting for students to learn. As teachers, we're always seeking new and creative ways to teach conditional sentences, especially type 2 (present unreal, hypothetical) conditionals, in a fun and engaging manner. In this post, we'll explore interactive conditional sentence activities, games, and tools to liven up your grammar lessons.

Getting Started with Conditionals

Before diving into the fun stuff, it's important that students have a solid foundational understanding of how conditional sentences work grammatically. A simple explanation is that conditionals allow us to speculate or discuss hypothetical, imaginary situations. For example:

If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.

Here, winning the lottery is an imaginary situation. By using conditional sentences, we can imagine the results of winning the lottery (buying a big house).

Type 2 conditionals refer specifically to present or future unreal conditions using the past tense "would" plus a verb. Some examples are:

If I were you, I would study harder for the test.

If I won the lottery, I would quit my job.

If cats could talk, they would complain about their owners.

Once students understand the basic structure, you're ready to bring conditional sentences to life!

Games and Activities for Conditionals

Conditional Sentence Jeopardy

Jeopardy is a popular TV game show that works perfectly as an educational review game. With JeopardyLabs, you can easily create online Jeopardy games for free. Make 5-6 categories all related to conditionals, like "Type 2 Sentences" or "Hypothetical Situations." Then write fun answers in the form of questions.

Students can play in teams or pairs to reinforce their knowledge in a competitive format. The jeopardy format engages multiple learning styles--reading, writing, listening, cooperating, and problem solving.

Two Truths and a Lie

This simple speaking activity encourages students to practice formulating original conditional sentences. Have each student write 3 sentences about themselves, 2 being true and 1 being false. For example:

If I could be any animal, I would be a tiger.

If I won the lottery, I would buy a private island.

If I could time travel, I would visit ancient Egypt.

Students then take turns reading their 3 sentences aloud while classmates guess which is the lie. The fun twist of including a lie encourages creative hypothetical thinking.

Conditional Sentence Drawing Activity

Provide students with a worksheet that has several unfinished conditional sentence starters, leaving a blank for the "if" clause:

If I were invisible,…

If cats could talk,…

If I lived in a fantasy world,…

Students fill in the "if" clause then draw a picture representing the result in the "would" part of the sentence. This engages students' imaginations to finish the scenario and depict the consequences visually. Let students share and explain their drawings afterward.

Conditional Sentence Board Race Game

In this energetic board game, split students into two teams. Set up a start and finish point. In between, place face-down cards with "If" clauses like, "If cows could fly…" One player from each team takes turns flipping over a card and race walking to the finish while completing the sentence with a logical "Would" clause. Teams try to reach the finish line first. It's a silly way to practice quick conditional sentence formulation while getting the blood pumping!

Digital Tools for Conditionals

Padlet Brainstorming

Use Padlet to create an online board for conditional sentence brainstorming. Provide an unfinished "If…would…" prompt then have students add creative hypothetical responses with the "Would" clause. See the crazy scenarios they come up with! Students can also vote for their favorites.

Kahoot Quiz

Once students have learned conditionals, use Kahoot to make an interactive, game-show style quiz. Test their knowledge with questions like "If Lisa rich, she a big mansion. a) is, will buy b) was, would buy c) were, would buy"

The competitive, multiplayer format engages students as they race to answer correctly.

Conditional Sentence Worksheet Creator

Use a tool like Wordwall to create online conditional sentence worksheets. Design fill-in-the-blank activities focusing on both "If" and "Would" clauses. Easily add custom images to provide context for hypothetical scenarios. Have students complete the interactive worksheets online.

The great thing about digital tools is you can track student progress and see where they need help most. Plus, delivering content digitally adds variety and engages tech-savvy learners.


Teaching English grammar like conditional sentences doesn't have to be a snooze. With fun games, imaginative drawing prompts, exciting digital tools, and friendly competition like Jeopardy, you can create interactive conditional sentence lessons that students will love. They'll improve their grammar skills without even realizing it!

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